Makoto Ooba (Japan) 1; Takuya Togawa (Japan) 1; Shogo Nakamura (Japan) 1; Kei Gimi (Japan) 1; Akira Yoshioka (Japan) 1; Keisuke Kuroda (Japan) 1; Ronald Canero Estoque (Japan) 1
1 - National Institute for Environmental Studies
Vulnerability assessment is critical to prevent the serious effects of climate change, especially at the local scale. A new Climate Change Adaptation Act was enacted in Japan in June and will come into force in December 2018. The Japanese national government promotes adaptation measures across all sectors, based on the National Adaptation Plan, and supports adaptation measures and planning at the local government level. For the popups, we developed the Vulnerability Pluralistic Evaluation System (Vulpes), a tool that uses a multi-sector approach for preliminary assessments of local vulnerability.
The assessments consider future socio-economic changes (e.g., population distribution, land use). Vulpes requires varied high resolution (kilometer level) data and multiple models (agricultural, ecological, and geographical) for simulation; therefore, it was developed based on an ontological system to access cloud networks and run model interoperations. Geographical data (e.g., elevation, slope), infrastructure data (roads, river systems), and biological data (vegetation, biodiversity) can be collected easily via the Internet and contain metadata with a common vocabulary.
The ontological system provided the vocabulary and the machine-readable metadata described a few properties of the data set (e.g., name, region, recorded time, resolution). The vocabulary used in this study was developed entirely originally. The current version of Vulpes was developed for a limited region and can assist with limited local environmental planning, particularly that related to adapting to global climate change. However, in future, the tool can be applied to an extended coverage area and multiple sectors. We will also communicate with policy-makers and stakeholders using the Vulpes tool.