Ming-Wei Chen (Taiwan) 1; Zheng-Zong Yeh (Taiwan) 1; Yi-Ping Yang (Taiwan) 1; Wu-Hsiung Chou (Taiwan) 1; Cheng-Ting Lin (Taiwan) 2; Keng-Cheng Yeh (Taiwan) 2
1 - Sinotech Engineering Services, LTD; 2 - Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Taiwan’s adaptation effort began on 2009, where the National Development Council invited authorities, academics and stakeholders to establish a taskforce to promote national adaptation strategies. After taking into consideration Taiwan’s unique characteristics and infrastructure, the taskforce has defined eight adaptation sectors, including disaster, water resources, land use, infrastructure, coastal zones, energy supply and industry, agricultural production and biodiversity, and health. Several ministries and councils work together to devise sectoral adaptation policies and established the first national five-year adaptation action plan (2013-2017). However, unexpected obstructions and difficulties were observed during the execution of the action plan, which have become discussion priorities when designing Taiwan’s future adaptation measures.
In 2015, Taiwan promulgated the “Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act” (the Act), making Taiwan one of the few countries in the world to have a climate legislation. The act allocates responsibilities to all relevant authorities, whilst Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) serves as the competent authority for climate change policies in Taiwan. Each central industry competent authorities shall assess the climate change impact and vulnerability, develop climate change adaptation strategies, and submit annual progress reports to EPA. In accordance to the act, the EPA is currently convening the next national adaption plan (2018-2022) discussion with 16 ministries and councils, urging authorities to review and assess current adaptation strategies for adjustments, and the possibility to integrate adaptation aspects into existing policies. Furthermore, the establishment of national climate scenarios has been included into Taiwan’s SDGs, in order to further understand the effect of future climate change impacts on Taiwan, ultimately promote more prudent adaptation measures.