Carlo Buontempo (United Kingdom) 1; Samuel Almond (United Kingdom) 1
1 - Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) / ECMWF
The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) is being implemented by ECMWF on behalf of the European Union. The Climate Data Store (CDS) is the nucleus of the C3S offering and is a standardised entry-point to a huge wealth of geographically distributed, quality controlled climate data which allows for the development of tailored applications and services on a cloud-based computational platform.
By making climate information freely available to users, C3S supports the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), forms the operational response to the Global Climate Observing System’s (GCOS) requirements, and is an important resource to the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).The Sectoral Information System (SIS) component of C3S transforms the climate data contained in the CDS and tailors it to the requirements of users, with a specific focus on intermediaries and policy makers. In line with our delegation agreement with the EC, C3S have engaged with various sectors and showed how the CDS infrastructures could be used to address the needs of users operating in water management, agriculture & forestry, tourism, insurance, energy, health and coastal areas. Further activities to address the requirements from transport, infrastructure, disaster risk reduction and biodiversity sectors have commenced in late 2018 / early 2019.
Arguably the most important function of the SIS is to demonstrate how C3S infrastructure can be used to develop climate services to address sector specific user needs and requirements. The SIS will be developed to a very high standard, underpinned by scientific rigor, and should be considered a benchmark of good practice. Increasing the quality and robustness of the procedures that underpin the services (methodology, workflows, metadata etc.), the documentation (FAQs, documentation, training, etc.) and the user-support (service desk, response to feedbacks, service evolution) represents one of the top priorities of the next phase up to 2020 and will be supported by an Evaluation and Quality Control (EQC) activity that will independently assess the fitness for purpose of all SIS output, including demonstrators, against scientific best practice, computational efficiency and user requirements.
After the successful proof of concept phase the demonstrative applications developed within the SIS are now becoming operational. This session will introduce the key elements of the C3S service; The Climate Data Store, Toolbox, Sectoral Information System and Evaluation and Quality Control (EQC) activities. Using the case studies developed within the SIS contracts this session will showcase how C3S users can take advantage of the Copernicus open data policy to access climate data and use the tools and workflows available within the CDS Toolbox to develop tailored climate services.
By providing quality controlled data to policy makers, industry, scientists, intermediaries and purveyors and citizens, C3S has a remit to help society understand climate change and make informed decisions to mitigate or adapt to its effects.
This session is for users of climate data and information who wish to discover the rich resources available from C3S; whether this is the climate data from the CDS or the sectoral information provided by the SIS. In additional, the session will provide an insight how C3S supports the downstream sector, allowing creation of novel climate services using the C3S architecture.
Proposed format for the session
The session will be a mix of presentation and panel / audience discussion. The presentations will outline the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), and the user focused services within the Sectoral Information System (SIS). The SIS presentations will cover the following sectors; energy, water, urban and health, tourism and agriculture and will cover a series of case studies detailing how the SIS provides added value to user workflows and requirements for climate change information.
- Introduction to the Copernicus Climate Change Service, including the Climate Data Store and Toolbox – 15 mins
- Introduction to the Sectoral Information System and C3S applications – 15 mins
- Introduction to the evaluation and quality control (EQC) function and its role in supporting applications – 10 mins
- 5 x SIS services, introducing the demonstrators and case studies developed within the SIS contracts – 10 mins each (50 mins)
- Panel discussion and open audience questions – 15 mins
Contributing Authors abstracts
1. Carlo Buontempo and Samuel Almond, ECMWF / C3S, Introduction to the Copernicus Climate Change Service and the Sectoral Information System
The Climate Data Store (CDS) is the nucleus of the C3S offering and is a standardised entry-point to a huge wealth of geographically distributed, quality controlled climate data. Mission of C3S is to facilitate the development of tailored applications and services that utilise our cloud-based computational platform.
The Sectoral Information System (SIS) component of C3S transforms the climate data contained in the CDS and tailors it to the requirements of users, with a specific focus on intermediaries and policy makers.
The introduction will detail the rich climate data resources available from C3S; whether this is the climate data from the CDS or the sectoral information provided by the SIS and frame the proceeding presentations and discussions.
2. Clare Goodess, University of East Anglia, UK, C3S Energy Service
The energy sector is undergoing a major transformation. Given the weather-and climate-dependency of both renewable energy and demand, it is important to develop robust climate-based tools to advise energy planners and policy makers.
This session describes how the EU Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Energy Operational Service is assisting with this energy transformation. C3S Energy, built on the extensive input and feedback from users received during the two C3S CLIM4ENERGY and European Climatic Energy Mixes services, is producing key climate and energy indicators three streams – historical, seasonal forecasts and projections – as well as developing two case studies. The indicators are based on the recent ERA5 reanalysis and are available at 0.25° (as per ERA5) and/or at country (i.e. NUTS-0) and NUTS-2 levels, depending on the variable. Bias adjustment is applied to both seasonal forecasts and climate projections, the latter from 11 regional climate models of the EURO-CORDEX ensemble and 2 scenarios (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5). Historical energy data from ENTSO-E have been extensively used to train the energy conversion models for demand, hydro (run-of-river and reservoir), wind (on- and off-shore) and solar (PV) power, for all three streams. The end products will be presented through a web interface or demonstrator
3. Martin Williams, JBA Consulting, C3S Coastal Service
The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) for European Coasts provides high quality climate data on the storminess in European coastal seas. The outputs of this service will create awareness on changes in storminess and its impact due to climate change, supporting long-term decision-making processes for a variety of coastal sectors and issues. Such as the management of floods due to severe storm surge and wave overtopping, operations of flood control barriers, operations and maintenance (O&M) of offshore wind farms and other offshore assets, accessibility and operations of ports and coastal zone management.
The core of the service will consist of a high quality and consistent dataset of storm surge, tide and wave conditions, including the effect of sea level rise, for all of Europe’s coastal waters. This dataset will consist of a historical reanalysis and a selection of climate projections. From these dataset a number of Climate Impact Indicators (CII’s) are derived, a selection of which are shown in the below table. Through these CII’s, the various climate projections can be compared with the historical baseline to assess the relative impact of climate change.
Furthermore, the usability of this dataset to run more detailed local models in order to derive a further set of sector specific CII’s is showcased by a number of use cases. These use cases also provide insights and working examples of the dataset and indicators. They consider a variety of coastal sectors and issues such as flooding due to severe storm surge and wave overtopping, industrial sectors such as offshore wind, harbour and ports, as well as coastal erosion and dune safety. For each sector, a set of tailor-made climate indicators is determined. The session will provide an insight into the case studies; focusing on evaluating climate impacts in British ports by looking at port and vessel operations and port infrastructure. This will help to determine effective strategies to mitigate climate impacts and risks in ports.
The use cases also cover various coastlines and different parts of the oceans and seas in Europe, such as the North Sea (Dutch coast), the Irish Sea (Dublin), the Atlantic Ocean (Galway), the Baltic Sea (Copenhagen) and the Mediterranean (Venice).
4. Siân O’Hara, Telespazio Vega UK, & Francisco J. Doblas-Reyes, Barcelona Super Computer Center, The C3S Evaluation and quality control function
The C3S Evaluation and Quality Control (EQC) function aims to provide information about the technical and scientific quality and fitness-for-purpose of the data hosted by the climate data store, and an assessment of the tools, workflow and applications that have been developed with the CDS toolbox. In addition, the EQC activities will map the evolving user needs into viable user requirements to ensure a user-oriented evolution of the CDS.
An important step in the implementation of the EQC functions is to define consistent frameworks based on common protocols, best practice and procedures for the provision of quality assurance information (such as validation, inter-comparison, uncertainties, traceability etc.) that are applicable to CDS data, toolbox functionality and C3S developed workflows and applications.
The quality assurance of data, tools and applications in the Climate Data Store contributes to ensuring that the Copernicus Climate Change Service helps society adapt to climate change.
5. Ghislain Dubois, Tourisme Transport Territoires Environment Conseil, C3S European Tourism Service
The C3S Tourism Service will provide a user-driven climate information system for the tourism sector. By delivering critical pan-European climate indicators (snow conditions, Holiday Climate Index, coastal waters data, lake temperature, forest fires index) the demonstrator aims to facilitate ongoing and long-term adaptation of the sector to a changing climate.
The Service will showcase interactive web applications, building upon quality data and tools from the Climate Data Store (CDS). These will be over different timescales including: past climate (reanalysis data), short-term (seasonal forecast products) and long-term (regional
The service is oriented towards a highly diverse set of users, including intermediaries (such as consultancy companies or environment agencies), businesses (such as tour operators or investors in tourist infrastructure and services), destination managers, tourist associations and policy makers.
6. Julie Berckmans, VITO, C3S Health Service
The European Health Service, as a part of C3S, provides users with tailor-made climate information for the health domain. Health will, in all likelihood, be strongly impacted by climate change. For example, the mortality associated with heat waves is expected to increase considerably, and city dwellers are particularly in danger, as the urban heat-island effect exacerbates thermal stress. Conversely, the impact of cold spells is expected to decrease. Climate change is also expected to affect the incidence, outbreak frequency, and distribution of many infectious diseases, mainly because of an altered distribution of infectious disease vectors. Similarly, it is expected that the geographic distribution of allergenic pollen in Europe, as well as the start/end and intensity of the pollen season, will be altered.
Accessing data from the Climate Data Store, and combining those with generic and user-defined ancillary information (including socio-economic and land-cover related data), the service will deliver evidence regarding health impacts of past, present, and future climate, thus providing support to decision-making challenges that are currently facing unmet climate data needs