Margarida Morais (Portugal) 1; Luisa Gonçalves (Portugal) 2; João Martins (Portugal) 1; Maria João Vasconcelos (Portugal) 1; Sandra Macedo (Portugal) 1
1 - Câmara Municipal de Leiria; 2 - Câmara Municipal de Leiria/ INESCC/NOVAIMS
Nowadays, Climate Change is identified as one of the greatest environmental, social and economic threats that the Planet and Humanity are facing. The national policies and institutional response in this area have been updated and developed and are reflected in the Strategic Framework for Climate Policy (QEPiC), the National Program for Climate Change (PNAC 2020/2030) and the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (ENAAC 2020). Despite these efforts, and even knowing future climate change scenarios, and their possible adaptation responses, there will always be climate unpredictable climate risks that will affect the municipality of Leiria in multiple environmental, social and economic aspects.
In addition, due to the impact of climate change on local communities, the municipalities should play a decisive and fundamental leadership role for the success of the implementation of measures to minimize the effects of climate change on the territory and populations at a local scale. It is therefore essential to analyze, develop and implement a coherent and flexible set of adaptation options that enable the municipality of Leiria to be better prepared to deal with the potential impacts of climate change and to take advantage of potential opportunities. Aware of this, the municipality of Leiria has decided to develop a Climate Change Adaptation Plan (PMAAC-L), which is a plan of action that defines a strategy and identifies the territorial vulnerabilities, promoting their adaptation and resilience.
This paper presents the methodological development of the PMAAC-L, including the identification and prioritization of the current vulnerabilities and climatic risks for the territory, their projection until the end of the century, the actions that need to be implemented, the participatory process implemented, the contribution of Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing. The PMAAC-L was carried out according to four main thematic areas of the ENAAC 2020, which correspond to the areas of competence where the Leiria municipality may have a more effective intervention in promoting local adaptation, namely: health and quality of life, the economy, the environment, housing and infrastructures.
The municipality of Leiria has, through its Plan, an integrated set of options to respond to the future climate, being the 1st municipality of the country to have a Climate Change Adaptation Plan.