Eva Boon (Netherlands) 1; Hasse Goosen (Netherlands) 1; Kim Van Nieuwaal (Netherlands) 1; Marit Heinen (Netherlands) 1
1 - Climate Adaptation Services (CAS)
For effective adaptation action, climate services do not only need to connect with end-users’ priorities, they need to match their frames towards decision-making (de Boer et al., 2010). To be able to select the right techniques and produce the right type of visualization in developing climate services, we therefore analyze how users ‘frame’ climate change adaptation. The manner in which adaptation problems and solutions are framed, strongly influence the extent to which climate services are deemed ‘usable’. We observe two dominant frames: one that is focused on avoiding risks(e.g. quantifying impacts, flood protection management), and one that is focused on creating value(e.g.consensus building, developing livable and green cities).
Both the supply of climate data (through free and open sources like C3S) and the demand for climate information to support decision-making, are rising. Consequently, approaches are needed that match the needs of a widening spectrum of users. Co-producing climate services, an approach that puts the user at the center is an important step forward (Street et al., 2015). Building on this concept, we introduce a climate services chain (CSC) approach, in which we identify ‘frames’ of users to be better able to translate needs into usable services. The CSC highlights the critical buildings blocks and principles for user-demand driven climate services, with a focus on open data, visualizations and end-users’ frames.
The chain distinguishes three building blocks: data & information, communication & visualization and policy & action. Data and information, in their roughest form, refer to the sources that provide data on future temperature and precipitation patterns. For this information to be usable to a particular (group of) end-user(s), it needs to be translated into relevant impacts and risks. Subsequently, the communication and visualization of climate information is of vital importance for its usability (Grainger et al., 2016). Communication means vary from extensive reports to using interactive figures and developing easy-to-understand maps. In the end the climate services need to inform policy-making and action. For this purpose, a variety of tools are available such as adaptation measure databases, cost-benefits analyses and scenario planning techniques.
This presentation demonstrates applications of the CSC for a variety of case studies: Durban City Climate Risk Assessment, Climate Services for the Heineken Brewery and the development of the Adaptation Solutions portal for the Himalayan region. Throughout the chain, the consideration of frames and using quantitative or qualitative approaches to climate adaptation is central.