Anna Schmidt (Austria) 1; Markus Leitner (Austria) 1; Tiago Capela Lourenço (Portugal) 3; Reimund Schwarze (Germany) 2; Oleksandr Sushchenko (Germany) 2; Bettina Koelle (South Africa) 4; Sukaina Bharwani (United Kingdom) 5; Julia Barrott (United Kingdom) 5; Peter Walton (United Kingdom) 6
1 - Environment Agency Austria; 2 - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research; 3 - University of Lisbon, Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes; 4 - Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre; 5 - Stockholm Environment Institute; 6 - University of Oxford
Integration, cooperation and collaboration between institutions working on Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) are crucial for using capacities efficiently in both fields. Such efforts are also expected to support streamlining the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sendai Framework.
This session is convened by the H2020 PLACARD project and aims at supporting and boosting efforts to strengthen institutional cooperation across both communities and thus to support integration and mainstreaming of CCA & DRR into policy, institutional arrangements and practice.
Recent analysis and examples show that there is a definite potential for enhanced cohesion between DRR and CCA in European countries. This can be achieved through interoperability between policy levels (EU and national), and combining top-down and bottom-up approaches.
In particular, mainstreaming of commonly used CCA methods and practices into DRR and vice-versa is seen as a potential approach to use synergies and break existing silos. For example, CCA can feed into national disaster risk reduction strategies and thus substantially increase the number of countries with disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020, as stated in the goals of the Sendai Framework. Additionally, more emphasis should be placed on considering climate trends in National Risk Assessments for all members of the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (EUCPM). Climate projections and scenarios could be considered during risk analyses. The outcomes of these analyses towards reducing the risks associated with climate and climate extremes feed back into CCA policy processes.
Building on PLACARD recent work in this field, the session will guide interested actors on how they can take advantage of the synergies between CCA and DRR in order to further strengthen institutional cooperation, their networks and their respective capacities in their efforts to reduce impacts of extreme events triggered by climate change.
The objective of the session is not only to discuss new relevant knowledge about CCA and DRR integration in research, policies and practices, but also to discuss recommendations that go beyond the PLACARD project’s lifetime, such as those involving the exploration, development and use of innovative climate risk and foresight methods, and institutional cross-fertilization between CCA and DRR.
Experts in climate change adaptation and/or disaster risk reduction; Responsible personnel for national disaster risk management, national risk assessment planning or risk management capacity assessments and/or responsible for National Adaptation Strategies or Action Plans; Participants attending this session may be interested in discussing efforts to increase collaboration and coordination between CCA and DRR actors at different scales.
Proposed format for the session
The session will be conducted in three 30 minute blocks with a short reporting back in between. The first block will consist of two presentations of 15 minutes each. The next two blocks will consist of a 5 minute teaser presentation, followed by two parallel 20 minutes interactive working groups (number and size of groups dependent on the number of participants and available space) and 5 minutes plenary feedback after each block. The 1st part of the session will focus on elements of strengthening institutional coordination and capacities between CCA and DRR and the role of Climate Risk Management (CRM) linking CCA and DRR. The 2nd part of the session focuses on two interactive parallel working groups. The 3rd part of the session also focuses on two interactive parallel working groups. In each session experiences from PLACARD and recommendations will guide the discussion. The session will conclude with relevant topics that can further support and strengthen institutional coordination between and capacities of CCA and DRR communities.
Contributing Authors abstracts
1. Markus Leitner (EAA, Austria) will provide an overview of the work on DRR & CCA integration in the H2020 PLACARD project and efforts in further strengthening institutional coordination and capacities. The focus will be on benefits to enhance coherence between CCA and DRR.
2. Anna Schmidt (EAA, Austria) will present the role of Climate Risk Management (CRM) which can facilitate climate-resilient decision-making at the intersection of DRR and CCA. CRM aims to include public actors (public administration on the sub-national, national and trans-national level) as well as private actors (citizens, companies, insurance providers, NGOs) who are in charge of or are contributing to climate change adaptation and disaster risk management. Both public and private efforts are considered crucial to manage current and future climate-related risks.
Parallel working groups (2 in parallel)
Reimund Schwarze and Oleksandr Sushchenko (UFZ Germany) will focus on innovative models of adaptation financing and climate insurance. There is increased experience of how to finance adaptation actions, including at an urban scale. This session (based on a 2017 EEA report) provides examples of financing for nature-/ecosystem-based and other adaptation actions, including conventional and innovative funding such as crowdfunding and green bonds. Disaster financing, on the other hand, already embraces a variety of existing instruments. A strategy that builds upon a diversified pool of mutually complementing financial tools and institutions in CCA and DRR is better equipped to cope with and respond to a variety of environmental and human-induced risks. To that end climate insurance needs to become an integral part of DRM, complementing risk prevention and preparedness. Best practice examples in Spain and Switzerland demonstrate that combining risk transfer and mitigation is capable to keep insurance schemes affordable under changing circumstances, including climate change and increasing vulnerability – if governed in a public-private cooperation. Innovative business models will be needed in the future. The amount of data and financial resources needed to evaluate the climate change risks is enormous. In order to continue a quick, save and efficient process of risk transfer it will be crucial to move towards smart, for example index-based, insurance models. A blockchain-based platform could allow merging CCA and DDR areas, where the data about the outstanding climate-related risks (private level) could be transferred into strategic planning documents on the public level.
Bettina Koelle (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre) will discuss methods and recent developments on forecast based financing. Forecast-based financing (FbF) seek to anticipate extreme weather events in order to implement anticipatory actions (prior to the event or before impacts are experienced). The objective is to allow actors to make the best use of limited lead-times (depending on the hazard) before an extreme weather event, avoid making emotional decisions (e.g. having an automatic trigger system based on impact-based forecasting), enable plans to be made with sufficient consultation of stakeholders, and ultimately, to reduce the impacts of extreme weather events. FbF was developed within the humanitarian sector for low resource settings, to enable the automatic release of anticipatory humanitarian funds. In this working group we will discuss how FbF can be used in Europe, especially for hazards like floods and droughts and at international, national and sub-national levels.
Parallel working groups (2 in parallel)
Sukaina Bharwani and Julia Barrott (Stockholm Environment Institute) will present and discuss the role of online platforms and portals for CCA and DRR. Information knowledge management (IKM) optimises the value and utility of the intellectual resources produced by an organisation or community of practice. However, it should not be limited to data and publications. A variety of different types of information and knowledge may be useful for different actors. These include traditional content such as environmental and socio-economic data, project and research reports, and legislation and legal documents, but also organisational and actor-oriented data (location, topical areas, expertise, sectors, role, mission etc.). The discussion will focus on good knowledge management facilities in the context of reducing climate and disaster risk.
Peter Walton (University of Oxford) will focus on the relevance of effective stakeholder engagement into DRR and CCA decision-making processes at different scales. Efficient and effective communication between the DRR and CCA communities is critical in ensuring we are able to build capacity to reduce vulnerability to the impacts of a changing climate. Understanding who the stakeholders are, how they make decisions and how best to integrate knowledge and practice are just some of the questions that we have been able to explore in the PLACARD project. The presentation and discussion highlights the key lessons learned regarding engaging the two communities.