Southern Hemisphere climate changes studies: a contribution for climate risk management and resilience

18:00 Tuesday 28 May




Ana Gomes (Portugal) 1; Delminda Moura (Portugal) 2; Nuno Bicho (Portugal) 1; Simon Connor (France) 3,4; Mussa Raja (Portugal) 1; Jonathan Haws (United States of America) 5; Mussa Achimo (Mozambique) 6; Brandon Zinsious (United States of America) 7; Elena Skosey-Lalonde (United States of America) 7; Célia Gonçalves (Portugal) 1; Sónia Oliveira (Portugal) 2; Roxane Matias (Portugal) 1; Paulo Fernandes (Portugal) 2; Susana Costas (Portugal) 2; João Cascalheira (Portugal) 1

1 - Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour, University of Algarve; 2 - Centre for Marine and Environmental Research, University of Algarve; 3 - Maison des Sciences de l'Homme et de l'Environnement, Université Bougogne Franche-Comté; 4 - School of Geography, University of Melbourne; 5 - University of Louisville; 6 - University Eduardo Mondlane; 7 - University of Connecticut

In order to better manage climate risks and to predict environmental resilience, first it is necessary to know about climate changes through time and how different environments react to those changes. However, most paleoenvironmental studies are concentrated in middle to high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. To better understand spatial climate patterns and forcing processes it is essential to increase research in the Southern Hemisphere.

It is also important to carry out paleonvironmental studies in different Southern Hemisphere environments, including biodiverse savanna, coastal and mangrove ecosystems threatened by climate change and sea-level rise. To achieve this aim, an interdisciplinary (geologists, paleontologists, archaeologists and GIS specialists) and international team (Portugal, Mozambique, USA and Australia/France) is conducting work in different environmental settings (e.g. mangrove, interdunal lakes and river terraces) in Mozambique for the projects VIP and InMoz. For paleoenvironmental reconstructions, these team is using several proxies (e.g. sedimentology, geochemistry, diatoms, pollen, charcoal and dating), which react differently to environmental changes (forced by climate changes), obtaining in this way, more reliable and complete results.