Vera Gregório (Portugal) 1; Maria João Ramos (Portugal) 1; Júlia Seixas (Portugal) 2
1 - Lisboa E-Nova - Energy and environment agency; 2 - Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia - NOVA University of Lisbon
Alfama is one of the oldest and traditional historic districts of Lisbon and one of the main touristic destination of the city. The unpaired characteristics of Alfama are a result of their history, the way of living of their inhabitants and the urban design of the district. Nowadays the residents, mainly old people with low income resources, are suffering with gentrification processes because of a huge increase of real estate demand. The main driver of this change is the pressure caused by tourism which is leading to a fast transformation in the use of the buildings, replacing permanent residences by local accommodations (airbnb schemes) and hotels.
The SSD (Smart Sustainable District) Alfama project goal is to show that integrated sustainable and smart projects and initiatives, around clean mobility, friendly buildings and climate resilient public spaces, may act as catalysts regarding climate change and innovation business case, to simultaneously (i) address the needs of elderly and vulnerable residents, (ii) attract new residents and (iii) find a balance with sustainable tourism.
SSD Alfama has been built through a participatory approach entailing different methods that were applied according two distinct stages of the project that involved three types of activities: engagement, ideation and innovation. The first stage of the project was mainly based on engagement and ideation activities where challenges and problems in Alfama were gathered through a participatory process involving about 50 stakeholders including residents. The co-creation process led to the identification of 17 key-problems and 140 exploratory ideas around six major challenges: loss of local traditional businesses, disappearance of community spirit, lack of climate resilient public spaces, lack of sustainable and inclusive buildings, need for sustainable and inclusive mobility, need for an inclusive district. During the second stage of the project, the maturation of previous exploratory ideas leads to the selection of Pteo Dom Fradique as a site of experimentation of innovative activities, integrating several aspects of sustainability. The project pretends to provide affordable houses with social rental schemes, to improve buildings resilience, energy efficiency and the use of renewables, to increase the climate adaptation of public spaces and to boost local circular economy and commerce. Pteo Dom Fradique, aims to be a show-case for Alfama’s inhabitants and visitors to demonstrate how innovative technologies, inclusive social innovation, and new business models may drive historic districts to sustainability while keeping its authenticity and setting local communities.
Project co-funded by Climate KIC.