Karin André (Sweden) 1; Linn Järnberg (Sweden) 1; Lena Strömbäck (Sweden) 2; Lotta Andersson (Sweden) 2; Åsa Gerger Swartling (Sweden) 1
1 - Stockholm Environment Institute; 2 - Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute
To increase the robustness of society against natural hazards today and in the future and to support adaptation processes, access to relevant and actionable climate services is essential. However, despite major scientific advances in climate projections and climate impact studies, these are used to a limited extent in climate adaptation planning and decision-making. To bridge the gap between climate science and practice, this study aims to provide recommendations to producers, intermediaries and users of climate information on how to ensure that the information meets user needs with regards to its content, format and processes for co-production.
The results build on the HazardSupport project, which focuses on risk-based decision support for adaptation to natural hazards. The project has employed a participatory process involving producers, intermediaries and users of climate information in public and private settings in three case studies in Sweden focused on i) heat waves, ii) torrential rain and floods and iii) coastal flooding. So far, the process has included a series of focus group meetings, interviews and stakeholder workshops conducted between 2016-2018. This paper draws in particular on experiences from a stakeholder workshop conducted with representatives from municipalities, county administrative boards, national government agencies, consultants, and climate scientists, where participants developed recommendations for co-producing climate services that meet user needs.
The results confirm previous research regarding key challenges in the dialogue between producers and users of climate services, but the project takes the next step by identifying specific recommendations to overcome some of these barriers. The recommendations are grouped into three categories, regarding the type of content that is useful for the user, the format in which the information is presented, and the process through which it is developed. For instance, the recommendations touch upon topics such as dealing with uncertainty in climate projections, ensuring simple yet transparent data, creating a user-centered dialogue, and finding useful visualizations for communication. The final set of recommendations on how to co-produce climate services will start from the insights generated from the three case studies and will be generalized for application in other adaptation contexts. The recommendations will be presented in further detail in the presentation.
The recommendations, developed through a participatory approach, have the potential to bridge the gap between science and practice, by enabling co-production of climate services that support decision-makers and practitioners in identifying and implementing adaptation actions.