Waoundé Diop (Senegal) 1
1 - Université Cheikh Anta DIOP (UCAD)
In Senegal, livestock is a key sector, supporting development in arid and semi-arid lands. Pillar of the national economic growth, livestock production (based on pastoralism system) contributes to 35.5% of the agricultural sector added value and it accounts for 7.5% of national GDP.
Most of this production comes from the extensive system implemented in the Norther region, Ferlo. The area covers 30% of the national territory and hosts 30% of the national livestock of cattle and small ruminants. There is a clear potential for livestock sector to drive transformational and inclusive growth of Senegal. However, climate change and increasing climate variability pose particular threats to extensive livestock systems. Changes in climate, together with non-climate drivers and stresses, will exacerbate the vulnerability of semi-arid areas (high confidence), with significant challenges in adapting to increasing temperatures, rainfall variability and climate extremes by mid-century (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report, 2014.)
This presentation aims to present the main adaptation options identified along the value chain that can support climate resilient economic transformation of the sector. By implementing an original 3 steps approach called VC-ARID, we (1) map the livestock value chain, (2) identify climate risk and responses along the value chain and (3) define investment opportunities for adaptation in the sector. We use mix approach, carrying a quantitative survey and focus group discussions with key actors and stakeholders of the sector. We also implemented workshops at regional and national level to tailor adaptation investment options. The combination of econometric analysis, qualitative assessment and political economic analysis support the definition of investment options that are socially acceptable, economically relevant and environmentally sustainable. The livestock production system, although highly exposed to climate change, is also intrinsically resilient. A holistic territorial approach of natural resources management can support the adaptation of the extensive production systems. Support of mobility is also essential at the regional level. The promotion of extensive services tailored to pastoral context is important to support the resilience of the sector (veterinary services, financial services, access to markets and weather forecasts…).
Finally, an integrated value chain approach should support the adoption of sectoral policies, especially in order to improve quality and traceability of the meat.