Danielle Edelman (United States of America) 1; Michael Chang (United States of America) 1; Katie Wrubel (United States of America) 1; Laura Nelson (United States of America) 2; Haley Kennard (United States of America) 1
1 - Makah Tribe; 2 - University of Washington
Since time immemorial, Qwidiččaʔa•tx˘, or the Makah Tribe, has lived on the Northwest Olympic Peninsula in Washington State. Climate change has already impacted the Makah Tribe, and will continue to do so in the future. Our history, archaeological archives, stories, and knowledge show that the Makah Tribe has an extensive history of adapting to changing climates. Traditional, cultural, and Indigenous knowledges can play an important role in climate adaptation planning, and for Tribes and indigenous peoples, the use of different types of knowledge can be a crucial component in ensuring that planning strategies and outcomes are culturally-appropriate and aligned with tribal values.
The Makah Climate Change Workgroup, an internal workgroup for the Makah Tribe, has begun a Makah Traditional Knowledge and Cultural Resource Assessment to complement our Makah Climate Impacts Assessment and Makah Climate Adaptation Plan. In this presentation, we outline how Makah has utilized Traditional and Indigenous Knowledges within their own planning processes, and we provide a potential framework for how other Tribes and Indigenous peoples can use Traditional Knowledge in the following ways: 1) provide historical baselines and fill in gaps in monitoring data; 2) identify cultural resources that are vulnerable to future climate change; 3) identify potential climate adaptation and mitigation strategies 4) use traditional, cultural, and historical knowledge and stories to engage the community on climate change impacts.