Sara Hurtado (Portugal) 2; Francisco Andrade (Portugal) 2; Catarina Frazao-Santos (Portugal) 2
2 - University of Lisbon, MARE-Marine and Environmental Sciences Center
Climate change is considered by many as one of the greatest environmental challenges ever faced by humankind,constituting an evolving challenge to the planning and management of marine socio-ecological systems. Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), a planning process that aims at promoting an efficient use of the ocean space and its resources, is being developed worldwide to foster sustainable ocean management and governance. MSP aims at managing conflicts arising from different human uses, as well as reducing cumulative pressures and impacts on the marine environment.
Here we will examine and discuss the role of MSP in adapting to global climate change impacts. At the European Union level, the Marine Spatial Planning Directive (2014/89/EU) recognises climate change as a threat and highlights the need to increase resilience to it. Instruments that foster the ability to respond and adapt to change are therefore needed in MSP. In the present study, we analyse different operational approaches that allow for the adaptation and integration of change into marine planning, management and governance (such as adaptive management, dynamic ocean management, anticipatory zoning, dynamic zoning, among others). The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are identified and computed into a SWOT analysis. Obtained results are further discussed in light of their adequacy to the MSP context. In addition to identifying approaches that allow for flexibility and adaptation, it was also given special consideration to approaches with high potential to ocean conservation, which can better contribute to the integration of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 13 Climate Action and SDG 14 Life Below Water) into planning and management.