Srijna Jha (Germany) 1
1 - Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) agricultural production lags behind an increasing population and food insecurity because of climate change coupled with soil degradation and water insecurity. To secure adequate food production without undermining agricultural systems and household processes a range of water conservation techniques (WCT) has been proposed. However, the implementation of these techniques has been limited. This study attempts to identify the reasons behind the poor adoption of water conservation WCT. Using a Logit regression model, this study used data from 704 small farm households in Morogoro and Dodoma regions of Tanzania to identify and analyze the determinants for the adoption of water conservation techniques.
The results indicate that the most significant (99%) variables for the adoption of water conservation are the perception of change in rainfall of farmer’s, access to public funds and membership in a social organization. Here the perception of change in rainfall pattern is negatively related, whereas access to public funds and membership in social organizations are positively related. We observed that household wealth status and food security have a 95% statistical significant positive relationship. Additionally region and gender of implementer have a 90% statistical significance and a negative relation. These findings suggest, therefore, that water conservation interventions should intensively focus on farmer perceptions of their own household and environment, along with public funds options, communicating the benefits of WCT as observed by the farmer networks and considerations of the contextual characteristics of the adopter.