Henk-Jan Van Alphen (Netherlands) 1; Eduard Interwies (Germany) 2; Stefan Görlitz (Germany) 2
1 - KWR; 2 - Intersus
The Horizon 2020 BINGO research project aims to provide more insight into the regional impacts of climate change on the water cycle across Europe and develop tailored adaptation strategies to address these impacts. An innovative research approach was used, combining technical and social scientific analyses with structural stakeholder involvement to assess regional climate risks and develop appropriate regional adaptation strategies
This contribution describes and reflects on the research approach applied within BINGO as well as its results. Scientific analyses followed a stepwise method where climate predictions were scaled down to six European case study sites (Badelona city in Spain, Bergen city in Norway, nature area the Veluwe in the Netherlands, the Troodos Mountains in Cyprus, the Wupper River Basin in Germany and the Lower Tagus basin in Portugal), the hydrological impacts were studied, local-level risks were identified, existing governance contexts were analysed and adaptation measures were assembled and assessed on their governance needs and socio-economic impacts.
Parallel to these scientific analyses, Communities of Practice (CoPs) were organized at each research site, which allowed regional stakeholders to reflect on the outcomes of the scientific analyses and put them to use in their regional contexts. All CoPs followed a similar structure. Stakeholders started out with mapping stakeholder objectives regarding climate change adaptation, which they used as input to assess climate risks and select relevant adaptation measures.
Following this approach, adaptation strategies were developed for each research site within the BINGO project, which consist of a select set of measures linked to identified area risks, taking into account the stakeholder objectives, governance needs and socio-economic costs and benefits connected to the selected adaptation measures. For each measure, building blocks for implementation have been identified. In this way strategic questions can be answered such as when to implement a measure (based in risk analysis), what governance arrangement is needed for implementing the measure (policy/governance analysis) and what the socio economic impact of the measure will be (socio economic analysis).
We will discuss both the differences in governance context as well as in concrete adaptation strategies and the paths towards those strategies. Insights will be given on how do different regions respond to similar challenges and how can we understand these differences, esp. regarding stakeholder involvement.
Finally we discuss some insights for strategy development beyond the research sites, mainly in terms of process, bringing together science and stakeholders in order to put science into practice.