Diogo Martins (Portugal) 1; Gonçalo Caleia Rodrigues (Portugal) 1; Teresa Afonso Do Paço (Portugal) 1; Luis Mira Da Silva (Portugal) 1
1 - LEAF, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Climate change is one of the most challenging problems of the 21st century, particularly relative to water and land use. These changes will undoubtedly affect ecosystems and human activities, being Portugal in particular danger. Agriculture and forestry sectors are two of the most vulnerable systems because they are naturally dependent on the climate conditions. Possible impacts of climate change on agriculture include the increase in irrigation requirements, changes in crop cycles, an increase in pests and an aggravated susceptibility to diseases. Forestry systems are also sensitive to climate change. Rapid adaptation of forestry systems is difficult due to the long life span of trees. The increasing risk of forest fires and the increase of carbon dioxide, ozone and nitrogen in the atmosphere can have severe impacts in these systems. Thus, it is fundamental to identify and quantify the impacts of climate change on agriculture and forestry systems so these systems become apt to adapt. There are many scientific projects and studies that approach this issue but their results are often not available to the non-academic society and therefore mostly unknown to decision makers.
The project RIAAC-AGRI aims at reducing this gap, by transferring good practices and new knowledge to qualify stakeholders responsible for rural development to better adapt to climate change. Existing scientific information in this area was collected through the consultation of research projects and scientific papers.
This project focused on four main sectors of Portuguese economy: maize and sorghum, irrigation, industrial tomato and forestry. A methodology to identify the relevant studies on the subject was defined. Information was collected and homogenized in a unified database focusing on identifying the best practices. The goal of the project is to share all the knowledge with the stakeholders, so that the knowledge obtained by the scientific community may be implemented and therefore capacitate the agricultural and forestry sectors with the best tools to adapt and mitigate the negative effects of climate change.
Thus far, the project identified 170 projects with relevant information. More specifically, 39 projects were identified for the crops of maize and sorghum, 35 related to irrigation systems, 32 for the tomato industry and 52 regarding forestry systems.
This study will explain the methodology developed to identify and retrieve these projects, analyze all project results relative to each of the four sectors and summarize the proposed best practices to cope with climate change by sector.