Caroline Cusack (Ireland) 1; Eleanor O’Rourke (Ireland) 1; Beatrix Siemering (Ireland) 1; Gregor Vulturius (Sweden) 2; Philipp Hess (France) 3; Muriel Travers (France) 4; Gildas Appéré (France) 5; Véronique Le Bihan (France) 4; Jeremy Thomas (France) 4; Patrice Guillotreau (France) 4; Elisa Berdalet (Spain) 6; Rodolphe Lemeé (France) 7; Matthias Gröger (Sweden) 8; Bengt Karlson (Sweden) 8; Lars Arneborg (Sweden) 8; Lars Naustvoll (Norway) 9; Elena Stoica (Romania) 10; Jennifer West (Norway) 11
1 - Marine Institute; 2 - Stockholm Environment Institute; 3 - Ifremer; 4 - LEMNA, University of Nantes; 5 - GRANEM, University of Angers; 6 - Institute of Marine Sciences ICM-CSIC; 7 - Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, Sorbonne Université; 8 - SMHI; 9 - Institute of Marine Research; 10 - National Institute for Marine Research and Development "Grigore Antipa"; 11 - CICERO
Most climate service development has focused on land based or physical coastal climate impacts. Unfortunately, the effects of a changing climate on marine ecosystems are less well understood and require further scientific study to fully examine potential impacts. A marine ecosystem climate service, with coastal ecosystem indicators, useful to management and policy concerns, and directly relevant to human health, wellbeing and coastal economies is the focus of CoCliME. Our case studies, which cover all European regional seas, have selected a number of ecological indicators including harmful algal blooms, marine biotoxins, pathogens and marine microbial diversity. Change in environmental drivers, such as temperature or ocean circulation, can affect the dynamics, succession and occurrence of these ecological indicators with resulting impacts on marine ecosystem services.
The foundation of the CoCliME services is close co-development and engagement with our end users to ensure the usability and relevance of the services developed. CoCliME uses a transdisciplinary approach to develop regional climate change services and involves case study specific data analyses, ranging from genetic research, laboratory experiments, field studies, analysis of time series, marine climate modelling, and economic impact modelling.
Our end users range from public health officials, to mussel farmers and policy makers tasked with ensuring water quality, food safety or planning climate adaptation across the six case study regions. This huge diversity in user needs, together with our experience from the first rounds of user engagement, has shown that face to face interviews, individually or in small groups, are the most conducive way to create interest, encourage participation and build trust. During the first round of user consultations, it appeared that discrepancies existed between end users’ expectations and what is possible to deliver with available scientific data, methods and models. Future consultations with the users must, therefore, communicate what is realistically achievable and we must ensure that our research focus truly addresses end user needs rather than scientific intrigue
Here, we will share our experiences in this novel area of marine ecosystem climate service development. What have we learned so far? What have the users taught us? We will share with you what’s next for the prototype services we aim to deliver.