Chloe Begg (Germany) 1; Christian Kuhlicke (Germany) 1; Oliver Gebhardt (Germany) 1; Daniela Siedschlag (Germany) 1
1 - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
Co-production, co-creation and collaboration are becoming increasingly popular concepts in research. However, currently there is no agreed-upon definition of what co-productive science is. Moreover, approaches to co-production tend to be ad hoc and have the potential of marginalising important groups, creating bias in the results and risks undermining the validity and acceptability of the process. Literature on co-creation and co-production suggest that it this mode of knowledge creation often is considered to be a virtue in itself. This paper asks why co-production is important in participatory and transdisciplinary research as well as how co-production can be achieved in practice.
To achieve this goal, this paper presents the results of a review of co-production based on existing scientific literature as well as a description of two co-production approaches developed and implemented in three European and interdisciplinary projects ANYWHERE and CLIMALERT. The co-production approaches employed by these two projects aim to develop effective early warning systems by improving communication between scientists from different disciplines, as well as ‘end users’ of the project’s outcomes. ANYWHERE aims to co-produce a pan-European disaster risk management platform for civil protection agencies across Europe and CLIMALERT aims to improve access to climatic information for farmers and water managers in order to improve the communication between science and practice and assist farmers and water managers in taking effective agricultural and water management decisions.
This paper draws out the lessons learnt from these two co-production processes by comparing the following aspects, among others, the definition of end users, the extent to which the research and output is demand driven, the diversity and expertise of partners within the scientific consortium, and the budget available to partners within the consortium. Each of these aspects influence the outcomes of the co-production process and assist in the development of a methodology and recommendations for future co-productive climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction projects.