E. Mihailescu (United Kingdom) 1; M. Bruno Soares (United Kingdom) 1; J. Lopez-Nevado (Spain) 2; A. Graca (Portugal) 3; N. Fontes (Portugal) 3; M. Teixeira (Portugal) 3; C. Monotti (Italy) 4; M. Terrado (Spain) 5; N. Gonzalez-Reviriego (Spain) 5; R. Marcos (Spain) 5; R. Arjona (Spain) 6; A. Dell’Aquila (Italy) 7; L. Ponti (Italy) 7; S. Calmanti (Italy) 7; M. G. Sanderson (United Kingdom) 8; C. Giannakopoulos (Greece) 9; E. Zamora-Rojas (Spain) 10; S. Maglavera (Greece) 11; A. Toreti (Italy) 12
1 - School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; 2 - DCOOP Sociedad Cooperativa Andaluza; 3 - Sogrape Vinhos S. A; 4 - Barilla G. & R. Fratelli SPA; 5 - Barcelona Supercomputing Center; 6 - Easytosee Agtech, Sociedad Limitada; 7 - Agenzia Nazionale per le Nuove tecnologie, l'Energia e lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile; 8 - The Met Office; 9 - The National Observatory of Athens; 10 - GMV Aerospace and Defence S.A; 11 - University of Thessaly; 12 - European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Managing impacts of climate change is critical in the most climate-sensitive agricultural areas. Information about climate variability can inform and support decision-making for adaptation to these impacts and help optimisation of crop production activities. In this light, tailored climate services, shaped by end-users’ needs (Bruno Soares et al., 2018), can provide customized climate-related knowledge and information that can be used to reduce climate-related losses (Vaughan and Dessai, 2014) and associated costs. With the aim of developing effective climate services to support and inform the decision-making processes of end-users operating in the production of olives, grapes and durum wheat, the objectives of this work are twofold: identify the climate change impacts, and associated farming and socio-economic decisions, on the production of these crops; and assess the climate information needs in order to contribute to the effective co-development of tailored climate services.
To examine the impacts and related decisions across European countries and to engage end-users in knowledge co-production, a systematic literature review was carried out in combination with participatory methodologies. The systematic literature review followed a protocol including eligibility search criteria, screening of search results, data abstraction, encoding, and analysis. Focus group discussions and participatory workshops were conducted with key stakeholders for olives, grapes and durum wheat production in the Douro region in Portugal, Andalusia in Spain, and Emilia Romagna region in Italy, respectively.
The main impacts of climate variability and change on these three crops, and associated decisions, relate to a decreased suitability of southern cultivation areas, changes in phenology, alteration of fruit quality (olives, grapes), increased pest incidence, and increased regional yield variability. Key socio-economic decisions differ in terms of operational planning (all crops), changes in processing chain (durum wheat) and meeting market demand (grapes). The climate information needs across the three crops commonly relate to access to reliable climate information such as temperature and precipitation forecasts, in both short-term (seasonal) and long-term (decadal), and differ in terms of predictions of water balance (durum wheat).
These combined findings represent the first stage of the ongoing process of co-designing tailored climate services, for the three case studies, in the project MED-GOLD (Turning climate-related information into added value for traditional MEDiterranean Grape, OLive and Durum wheat food systems). Next steps include the co-development, co-validation, and co-assessment of the value of the climate services developed for each of these crops together with their respective end-users.