Co-defining adaptation pathways for Blue Growth in the context of insularity

18:00 Tuesday 28 May




Hugo Costa (Portugal) 1; Andreia Sousa (Portugal) 1; Tiago Capela Lourenço (Portugal) 1; Matías González Hernández (Spain) 4; Florin Ioras (United Kingdom) 2; Gabriel Jorda (Spain) 3; Carmelo Leon (Spain) 4; Fernando Tuya (Spain) 4; Yen Lam González (Spain) 4; Elodie Briche (Spain) 5; Ghislain Dubois (Spain) 5; Rob Swart (Portugal) 1

1 - CE3C-CCIAM; 2 - BNU; 3 - UIB; 4 - ULPGC; 5 - TEC-Conseil

EU Islands are biodiversity hotspots as they support unique ecosystems, which are home to an estimated one-third of the globally threatened species. They are also the most important regions in Europe in terms of international tourism arrivals and are hubs of global maritime transportation. The fact that these enormous activities are based on the consumption of these fragile and fragmented ecosystems make the islands a unique “living lab”, to understand the complex relationships between relevant economic activities of the EU Blue Economy and key sustainability areas (water consumption, waste management, renewable energy sources, wealth inequality, etc.). For this reason, we consider that islands and archipelagos can be positioned as a platform for innovation and benchmark in key research areas.

Moreover, islands necessitate a different pack of mitigation and adaptation measures in order to face effectively and efficiently climate change impacts. They have specific climate dynamics, ecosystems and economies, which can be summarised in the strength of interrelations between oceans and lands, justifying a specific treatment with tailored methods for Climate Change fighting.

This science-practice session will present an innovative and integrated methodology which the authors are designing, in order to bring alternative options regarding CC adaptation pathways for the EU islands, and nourish the existing or planned actions identified for the islands. The research is part of an EU H2020 project (Soclimpact), and is novel by its multidisciplinary approach:

  • Islands as ideal platforms to understand the CC impacts and socio-economic consequences for the EU Blue Economy: Ocean, vulnerability and specific datasets.
  • Interdisciplinary nature: Complex Impact Chains as the basis for integrating biophysical aspects with their non-market and socio-economic consequences.
  • Human-centred approach: Measuring the EU’s population preferences, emotions and feelings regarding CC impacts and actions to counteract them, with usefulness for policy design.

A bottom-up approach: Consultancy and validation of tailored mitigation and adaptation pathways with regional stakeholders in islands.

Target audience

This session is open to the scientific community, policy makers, stakeholders and practitioners at all levels, consultancy and applied research organizations (including NGOs, GIZ’s Community of Practice etc.). This is an open and participatory session in which participants will capture the proposed methodology from a transdisciplinary perspective and the way to integrate the different approaches, and will discuss about how to translate it to different contexts and practices.

Proposed format for the session

The session will be approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes in length, including the interventions, and the time allowed for panel discussion and audience discussion. This session will be an open-discussion empowering interaction between the speakers and the audience.

Speakers are the main contributors to the panel discussion. The following communications will animate the debate:

  • One communication presenting the methods and tools for datasets completion and downscaled climate simulations for the 12 EU islands and its usefulness for climate governance and the subsequent phases of the research design (20 min)
  • One communication addressing a specific case study of 10 different marinas in EU Islands, in which authors integrate social perception and Multi-Criteria analysis to examine the degree of integration and adaptability of marinas to climate change challenges and the positive externalities that adaptation measures can bring to marinas (20 min).
  • One communication presenting the proposed methodology to measure non-market impacts of CC and related policies, where authors explain how to translate climate impacts into changes in the environmental services, useful for specific economic activities, thus designing simulated scenarios to measure reactions, perceptions, preferences and opinions of individuals, in the context of Blue Economy sectors and islands (20 min).
  • One communication with empirical evidence and preliminary results of the market and non-market impact of green management measures in marina ports in the segment of European yachtsmen (20 min).
  • One communication explaining the framework for integration of different approaches for climate change adaptation and decarbonization pathways for islands contexts and Blue Economy sectors (20 min).

The framework was developed in seven steps through:

  1. problem definition and measurement methods;
  2. screening of policies and their objectives and metrics from local to European level;
  3. identification of drivers of change, incorporating the biophysical and socio-economic impacts and costs of climate change;
  4. integration of these drivers in stress tests of policies;
  5. definition and assessment of alternative policy pathways;
  6. co- design and validation of alternative pathways; and
  7. providing policy recommendations.

Downscaled participative and evidence-based polices will ensure that each island’s specificities are considered. Mitigation and adaptation outcomes will be tailored to address EU policies at sectoral and thematic level while being framed by the geographic, economic and social context of the islands.

Contributing Authors abstracts

1. Climate data to support climate change adaptation and decarbonization pathways in European islands – Jordà, G. 1, Gaertner , M.A. 2, Sannino, G 3, Ahrens, B. 4

1. Departament de Fisica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Spain
2. Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Bioquímica, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain 3. ENEA, Rome, Italy
4. Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany

2. Environmental sustainability and climate change effects: An investigation into EU islands leisure boat marinas’ response and readiness – Ioras, F. 1, Santamarta, J.2, Freitas, M. 3, Bandara, I. 1

1. Institute for Conservation, Sustainability and Innovation, Buckinghamshire New University
2. Departamento de Ingeniería Agraria, Náutica, Civil y Marítima, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Ingeniería
3. Marina do Funchal, Madeira

3. Measuring non-market costs of CC and benefits of climate actions for tourism-based European islands – González-Hernández, M.M. 1; Tuya, F1; Garcia-Galindo, C. 1.

1. TIDES- University Institute of Tourism and Sustainable Economic Development. University of las Palmas de Gran Canaria

4. Measuring the impact of green management in marinas on the European yachtsmen’s satisfaction and expenditure – León C. J. 1, Lam-González, Y.E.1

1. TIDES- University Institute of Tourism and Sustainable Economic Development. University of las Palmas de Gran Canaria

5. Integrating different approaches for climate change adaptation and decarbonization pathways: A conceptual framework for the EU blue economy sectors in European islands – Costa, H.P. 1, Sousa, A.1, Capela Lourenço, T. 1, Swart, R. 1

1. Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (CE3C), Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Modelling (CCIAM). Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.