Athanasios Sfetsos (Greece) 1; Diamando Vlachogiannis (Greece) 1; Frederique Giroud (France) 2; Alice Clemenceau (France) 2; Catherine Freissinet (France) 3; Jean Lecroart (France) 3; Louisa Shakou (Cyprus) 4; Geroge Boustras (Cyprus) 4; Lydia Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia (United Kingdom) 6; Albert Chen (United Kingdom) 6; Fuad Ali (United Kingdom) 7; Bingu Ingirige (United Kingdom) 7; Ralf Hedel (Germany) 8; Stefan Hahmann (Germany) 8; Ilias Gkotsis (Greece) 9; Geroge Eftychidis (Greece) 9; Dave Stewart (United Kingdom) 5; Mike Wood (United Kingdom) 5
1 - NCSR Demokritos; 2 - CEREN; 3 - ARTELIA; 4 - EUC; 5 - Torbay Council; 6 - University of Exeter; 7 - University of Salford; 8 - Fraunhofer; 9 - KEMEA
Recent extreme weather events have shown that climate related hazards have the potential to substantially affect lifespan and serviceability of interconnected Critical Infrastructures (CI) and in some cases even destroy them. As CI have lifetimes that span several decades, their construction is a multi-million euro decision process, it is imperative to generate scientifically validated knowledge of potential risks from climate change and future extreme weather events, as a viable pathway for enhancing their resilience.
EU-CIRCLE has proposed an innovative, interdisciplinary risk and resilience management framework. Centre is the notion of ‘service flow continuum’, where CI resilience is linked to five capacities or capabilities i.e. how CI can: better understand the evolving nature of hazards due to climate change and implement early warning systems (anticipatory capacity), reduce climate vulnerabilities and minimise their exposure to risk (absorptive capacity), respond faster and collaborate more efficiently with other CI and emergency responders (coping capacity) and return to normality and full operational levels (restorative capacity). The adaptation capacity is equally important and thus a policy shift towards resilience-based adaptation is proposed.
The EU-CIRCLE framework has been tested in five different case studies across Europe and internationally. The case studies were conducted, or more accurately, co-created with an impressive group of stakeholders (CI operators, local and national authorities and emergency responders) that participated from the design to the evaluation of the case study as well as their dissemination. Stakeholders helped in the establishment of policy questions that reflect real needs with immediate impact on decision making processes and also provided actual and reliable data to support them. The selected case studies have been designed to address climate hazards that are considered to be of high importance to the EU and cover all types of CI. These were:
- Case study 1: Extreme dryness and wildfires in Southern France, and their impact on electricity and transport networks
- Case study 2: Multi-hazard risk assessment at Vasiliko Energy Center in Cyprus
- Case study 3: Coastal flooding in Torbay (UK) and impact on urban infrastructures
- Case study 4: Tropical Cyclones in Bangladesh with impact on infrastructures
- Case Study 5: Winter flooding in Dresden (Germany) and impact on urban environment
The present work distills main conclusions drawn from the case studies and presents a viable pathway of collaboration between the different stakeholders.
Acknowledgement: EU-CIRCLE has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 653824