Giuliana Barbato (Italy) 1; Alessandra Lucia Zollo (Italy) 1,2; Veronica Villani (Italy) 1; Paola Mercogliano (Italy) 1,2
1 - CMCC Foundation (Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change); 2 - CIRA Italian Aerospace Research Centre
CLIME is a climate service based on an interactive multi-user platform developed by Regional Models and geo-Hydrological Impacts (REMHI) division of CMCC Foundation (Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change). It is a tailored tool, developed since 2013, to analyse observed and simulated high-resolution climate data, with the main goal to manage climate data and link climate and impact studies (for example flood, drought, landslide, heat waves). During these years, this service has been enhanced by introducing several functionalities and additional climate data. In addition to analysis of climate data, CLIME platform includes several methods to reduce the climate models bias (known as bias correction techniques) and is able to manage data available in different formats.
Data currently available in CLIME are the high-resolution climate projections developed at CMCC Foundation over Italy, but also climate simulations developed in the frame of EURO-CORDEX program (euro-cordex.net), at the resolution of about 12 km. Moreover, several observational dataset are available, both gridded and regional/local station data (available upon requests to the owner institutions for research purposes).
This platform is targeted to different user’s typologies, mainly working in the field of climate change adaptation: researcher, consultancy companies, private firms and policy makers. Specifically, the CLIME service includes several products to be used to support policy and decision-makers in their activities of adaptation planning and implementation, such as Sustainable Energy Action Plans and Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA), by using cutting-edge knowledge in the field of atmospheric sciences.
Currently, in the framework of the CLARA project (funded by European Commission, Horizon 2020), new pilot products were introduced in order to help end-users (mainly consultancy companies) in their risk assessment analysis in support of local authorities and private sectors. The city of Prato was chosen as case study in order to show a typical example of one of the possible application that can be performed using CLIME service. The purpose of this pilot application is to provide, through the CLIME service, a support for heat waves impact studies, based on a specific climate index that considers temperature and humidity variables. Climate results, obtained using CLIME, have been used for further impact analysis taking into consideration climate change induced variations, and then CLIME has been proved to be a useful tool to integrate climate change issues into the planning process.