Shih-Yun Kuo (Taiwan) 1; Hsin-Chi Li (Taiwan) 1
1 - National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction
Global climate change is an important issue requiring every citizen’s involvement. Interesting research questions need to be further explored, such as how citizens at local levels comprehend such a complicated global issue and how they can take actions for corresponding impact problems at local levels. However, based on existing evident climate impacts and lack of actions, it is argued that there are apparently gaps between science and practice and between global consensus and local actions.
This study uses a participatory integrated assessment approach (i.e., climate change participatory workshop) to explore the research questions above. The procedure of the workshop includes three sessions:
- initial perception sharing (i.e., participating citizens express spontaneous understanding about climate change, and vote for prioritized environmental issues and climate change issues);
- scientific information introduced (i.e., Report of Climate Change in Taiwan 2017 (science and impacts) and GHG emissions);
- discussion of mitigation or adaptation measures of re-selected prioritized issues (i.e., individual, community, and national levels).
A total of 13 community workshops were conducted in eight counties in Taiwan in 2018 summer with the involvement of over 400 citizens. The results reveal that climate change is not the prioritized environmental issue by most participating citizens. While many citizens can outline a comprehensive understanding of climate change, they are not familiar with the implication of scientific number (e.g., 0.85 degree of warming and 131 mm/hr rainfall). In addition, among many climate change issues (e.g., energy, consumption, disaster risks, health, agriculture, ecology), it is found that many citizens tend to care for affected animals and ecological environment and think it as a prioritized climate change issue. With this empirical study, it is concluded that climate change participatory workshop is a useful, flexible, and relatively easy executed methodology to involve community citizens and to begin the dialogue of climate change issue and possible responding measures at local levels.