Stephanie Hänsel (Germany) 1; Christoph Brendel (Germany) 1; Susanne Brienen (Germany) 1; Markus Forbriger (Germany) 2; Jens Kirsten (Germany) 3; Martin Klose (Germany) 3; Anne Farina Lohrengel (Germany) 3; Enno Nilson (Germany) 4; Maike Norpoth (Germany) 2; Rita Seiffert (Germany) 5; Nils Schade (Germany) 6; Andreas Walter (Germany) 1
1 - Deutscher Wetterdienst; 2 - Federal Railway Authority; 3 - Federal Highway Research Institute; 4 - German Federal Institute of Hydrology; 5 - Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute; 6 - Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency
Climate change as well as the rising frequency and/or intensity of extreme weather events are increasing challenges for society and economy. Targeted adaptation strategies are required for many sectors. For the German transport system the ‘BMVI Network of Experts’ explores the temporal and spatial pattern of climate hazards, assesses the resulting vulnerabilities and studies related adaptation measures in order to contribute to a sustainable and resilient transport system.
The ‘BMVI Network of Experts’ integrates the knowledge and abilities available within the departmental research institutes of the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) in an intermodal perspective. Germany’s national meteorological service (DWD), the Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) and the Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG) are providing targeted climate services for the land and water based modes of transport (railway, road and waterways) in close cooperation with the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt), the Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute (BAW) and the Federal Railway Authority (EBA) that have practice oriented knowledge on these modes of transport.
Coordinated datasets and analysis methods for observation and climate projections over inland and coastal areas of Germany are the basis for the assessment of specific climate impacts on the transport infrastructure network. These climate impact assessments are done for hazards related to flooding, low flows, sea level rise, landslides and storms as well as heat related impacts. The results of hazard specific analyses are integrated in an assessment tool that aims at providing decision support for the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, for the operators of the transport system as well as for owner and planners of transport infrastructures. This also includes the study and evaluation of relevant climate adaptation options together with relevant agencies and companies responsible for the planning and operation of transport infrastructure.
The interdisciplinary and intermodal ‘BMVI Network of Experts’ supports innovative solutions for climate change adaptation and a sustainable and resilient development of the German transport system in a dialogue between science, policy and practice. Planners, operators and owners of the transport infrastructure are enabled to identify and prioritize adaptation needs and to integrate climate change aspects into strategic decisions.