Yasuaki Hijioka (Japan) 1; Yoshimi Fukumura (Japan) 1; Manabu Watanabe (Japan) 2; Kazutaka Oka (Japan) 1
1 - National Institute for Environmental Studies; 2 - E-konzal
Although impacts posed by climate change varies depending its local condition, the procedure of adaptation planning can be similar, thus can be standardized. National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan (NIES) participates an ISO project as a convener of Working Group 12, and the team (WG12) has been drafting a technical standard named TS14092 that presents practical requirements for local adaptation plan. This study examines the way how the TS 14092 has developed and sophisticated by comments from the members of the project.
The working group consists of 33 committee experts from 13 countries, in which 4 members from 4 countries take part in the drafting. For a start, the draft was developed based on a local adaptation planning guideline prepared by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan. Scrutinized at two expert meetings and integrating comments from the experts, WG12 has formulated the draft so as to be applicable in any local government around the world. TS14092 has now 10 chapters. The characteristics of the technical standards are presented in chapters 5-10: 5 Pre-planning, 6 Assessing climate change impacts including adaptation opportunities, 7 Adaptation Planning, 8 Implementation, 9 Monitoring and evaluation, 10 Reporting and Communication.
The chapters are harmonized with IS14090. TC207/SC7 has three adaptation standards: IS14090 ‘Adaptation to climate change – Principles, requirements and guidelines’, and IS14091 ‘Adaptation to climate change – Vulnerability, impacts and risk assessment’, and TS14092. To make the three standards consistent, we have closely followed the progress of the other WGs while avoiding creating double standards. As both IS14090 and TS14092 will serve as planning guideline, TS14092 has similar structure and chapters of IS14090. Another issue is maintaining consistency of terminology among the family. When IS14091 reconsidered the terminology ‘vulnerability’ according to IPCC AR5 and decided to change the word ‘risk management’, WG12 followed its decision.
While keeping consistency with other standards, TS14092 has acquired its uniqueness. Adopting the structure of IS14090, WG12 has been narrowing down the scope to local governments and specify the requirements to be more practical for their planning. We also reviewed the requirements and arranged them to fit small communities’ planning. The planning requirements for communities are compiled into Annex A. To make the standard understandable, we add Annex B that introduce tables of contents taken from excellent local adaptation plans in the world. NIES is now considering publishing supplemental guidebook that can be used with TS14092.