J. A. Santos (Portugal) 1; A. Mendes (Portugal) 2; A. S. Vaz (Portugal) 3; A. Fonseca (Portugal) 1; C. Santos (Portugal) 4; H. Fraga (Portugal) 1; J. Cerejeira (Portugal) 5; J. F. Gonçalves (Portugal) 3; J. P. Honrado (Portugal) 3; J. R. Vicente (Portugal) 3; L. F. S. Fernandes (Portugal) 1; M. Alves (Portugal) 4; M. Santos (Portugal) 1; P. Fernandes (Portugal) 1; R. Alves (Portugal) 2; R. Costa (Portugal) 1; R. Sousa (Portugal) 5
1 - Centre for the Research and Technology of Biological and Agro-environmental Sciences, CITAB, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal; 2 - Instituto para o Desenvolvimento Agrário da Região Norte, IDARN, Porto, Portugal; 3 - ICETA / CIBIO-Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4 - Comunidade Intermunicipal do Tâmega e Sousa, CIM-TS, Penafiel, Portugal; 5 - Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal
The Tmega and Sousa inter-municipal community (CIM-TS) promoted its Plan for Climate Change Adaptation (PIAAC-TS) that contributes to the implementation of the Portuguese national strategy for climate change adaptation (ENAAC). The PIAAC-TS constitutes a decision support instrument for the adaptation to, and management of, the impacts resulting from climate change, as well as for the design of the corresponding measures to mitigate these impacts considering the different assets, activities and socioeconomic sectors of the region. Throughout a constant involvement of the municipalities, we take into account the specificities of the territory and the vulnerability of the region to climate change, also promoting the implementation of strategies to adapt to climate change impacts at the inter-municipality level.
Water resources, agriculture and forestry, biodiversity (including ecosystem functions and services), infrastructure and socio-economy were defined as the target sectors of the technical-scientific studies. An overview of the main outcomes is presented herein. The identification of vulnerabilities is supported by a combination of climatic, statistical and Earth observation data in a predictive framework that allows exploring the vulnerabilities to future climate change scenarios. The PIAAC-TS, in accordance with the ENAAC, has the following nuclear objectives:
- Reduce vulnerability and increase resilience to climate change events, especially extreme events;
- Provide the region with knowledge on climate change and the predisposition to extreme weather events, namely their adverse impacts on the safety of people and goods;
- Increase the level of protection, recovery and enhancement of ecosystems and improve knowledge of the local social-ecological system and its environment;
- Define ways of integrating adaptation in land management tools at local, municipal and regional scales land management tools;
- Raise awareness and disseminate adaptive measures by reinforcing public participation and stakeholder engagement;
- Improve the quality of life of the population of the municipalities that make up the CIM-TS and of the visitors who seek this region, whether for the development of their professional, recreational or tourist activities.
Non-adaptation to climate change could pose serious environmental, social and economic risks, jeopardising the future sustainability of the region. The analysis of the current situation and future trends, the identification of the main vulnerabilities of the territory, the assessment of potential impacts of climate change in various assets and sectors of activity, the identification of priority areas for intervention and the proposal for adaptation measures and involvement of several stakeholders are provided.